AskDefine | Define pawn

Dictionary Definition



1 an article deposited as security
2 a person used by another to gain an end [syn: instrument, cat's-paw]
3 (chess) the least powerful piece; moves only forward and captures only to the side; it can be promoted to a more powerful piece if it reaches the 8th rank
4 borrowing and leaving an article as security for repayment of the loan v : leave as a guarantee in return for money; "pawn your grandfather's gold watch" [syn: soak, hock]

User Contributed Dictionary




  1. The most common chess piece, each side having eight. Moves are only forward; attacks are only forward diagonally or en passant.
  2. : Someone who is being manipulated or used to some end, usually not the end that individual would prefer.
    Though a pawn of the gods, her departure is the precipitating cause of the Trojan War.
  3. A type of shop that allows someone to buy and sell used items.
  4. An item sold to a pawn shop.
  5. An instance of selling to a pawn shop.


chess piece
  • Bosnian: pješak, pion
  • Breton: pezh gwerin
  • Croatian: pješak
  • Czech: pěšec
  • Dutch: pion
  • Esperanto: peono
  • Estonian: ettur
  • Finnish: sotilas
  • French: pion
  • German: Bauer
  • Greek: πιόνι (píoni)
  • Hebrew: חייל
  • Norwegian: bonde
  • Korean: , Oriental chess:
  • Persian: سرباز
  • Polish: pionek
  • Portuguese: peão
  • Russian: пешка
  • Serbian:
    Cyrillic: пешак , пион
    Roman: pešak , pion
  • Slovak: pešiak
  • Slovene: kmet
  • Spanish: peón
  • Swedish: bonde
someone who is being manipulated
  • Dutch: pion , kleine man
  • French: pion
  • Finnish: pelinappula
  • German: Bauer (rarely)
  • Norwegian: brikke
  • Polish: pionek
  • Portuguese: peão
  • Russian: пешка
  • Spanish: peón
  • Swedish: bonde
type of shop
  • Dutch: pandjes, pandjeshuis
  • Esperanto: garantipruntejo, lombardejo
  • German: Pfandleiher
  • Hebrew: חנות משכונות, בית עבוט
  • Korean: 고물상 (, gomulsang)
  • Norwegian: pantelåner
  • Portuguese: topa-tudo
  • Spanish: casa de empeños
item sold to a pawn shop
  • Dutch: pand
  • French: occasion
  • German: Pfand
  • Norwegian: pant
instance of selling to a pawn shop
Translations to be categorised


  1. to sell something to a pawn shop.
  2. In the context of "gaming": to render one's opponent as a mere pawn, especially in a real-time strategy game


  • (to sell something at a pawn shop): hock


to sell something to a pawn shop
  • Dutch: verpanden
  • German: verpfänden
  • Romanian: a amaneta
  • Spanish: empeñar

Extensive Definition

A pawn is a peon, or other powerless person.
It can also refer to:
pawn in Portuguese: Besteiro

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Charlie McCarthy, agent, ancilla, appliance, assurance, bail, bishop, bond, borrow, bottomry, castle, chance, chessman, cog, collateral, commonality, commonalty, contrivance, creature, deposit, device, dip, dummy, dupe, earnest, earnest money, escrow, float a loan, flunky, follower, gage, gamble, get a loan, get on credit, go bail, go-between, guarantee, guaranty, handmaid, handmaiden, handsel, hazard, hit one for, hit up, hock, hoi polloi, hostage, hypothecate, impignorate, implement, inferior, instrument, interagent, intermediary, intermediate, intermedium, jeopardize, junior, king, knight, lever, lightweight, lower class, lower orders, mainprise, man, masses, mechanism, mediator, medium, midwife, minion, mortgage, negotiate a loan, organ, piece, pignus, plaything, pledge, plight, pop, post, puppet, put in hock, put in pawn, put up, queen, raise money, recognizance, replevin, replevy, risk, rook, run into debt, second fiddle, secondary, security, servant, slave, spout, stake, stooge, subaltern, subordinate, surety, third stringer, token, token payment, tool, touch, toy, underling, understrapper, undertaking, vadimonium, vadium, vehicle, venture, warrant, yes-man
Privacy Policy, About Us, Terms and Conditions, Contact Us
Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2
Material from Wikipedia, Wiktionary, Dict
Valid HTML 4.01 Strict, Valid CSS Level 2.1